Material Planning Considerations

Developed-released overshadowing diagram showing the devastating impact of proposed 7-storey blocks on designated open space and children's play areas

Only certain issues are taken into account when considering decisions on planning applications.  These issues are known as “Material Planning Considerations”.

What are Material Planning Considerations?

Material Planning Considerations are varied and include fundamental factors involved in land-use planning including, but not limited to, the following items which are covered by local, strategic, national planning policies and site-specific policies:

  • Overbearing nature of proposal
    • Layout of buildings
    • Density of buildings
  • The number, height, size, layout, siting, density and design of buildings
  • Overshadowing of surroundings, including homes, gardens, open spaces and public thoroughfares
    • Overshadowing
    • Loss of sunlight (See Building Research Establishment Guidelines)
    • Loss of outlook to the detriment of residential amenity
    • Overlooking
    • Loss of privacy
  • Public visual amenity (Note: This does not include loss of private individuals’ view)
    • Design and appearance
    • The external appearance of buildings
    • Finishing materials
  • Effect on listed building(s) and Conservation Areas (e.g. West End Green Conservation Area, South Hampstead Conservation Area)
  • Impact on the neighbourhood
    • Amenity
    • General noise and disturbance from the scheme
    • Proposed hours of operation during which noise and disturbance may be caused
    • Disturbance from smells
  • Access and highways considerations
    • Proposed means of access
    • Access and highways safety
    • Type and nature of vehicular access
    • Traffic generation
    • Impacts arising from means, type and nature of access
    • Road safety
    • Pedestrian safety
    • Adequate parking and servicing
    • Noise and disturbance
  • Deficiencies in physical infrastructure
    • Public transport
    • Public amenity
    • Public drainage
    • Water systems
  • Deficiencies in social facilities
    • School places,
    • Health service provision
    • Provision of other social services
  • Planning history of the site
  • Incompatible or unacceptable uses
  • Adverse impact on nature conservation interests & biodiversity opportunities
    • Loss of ecological habitats
    • Loss or effect on trees
    • Archaeology
    • Inadequate or inappropriate landscaping or means of enclosure
  • Contamination by a previous use
  • Planning gain
  • Flood risk